Frequently Asked Questions
What Is ADHD?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects people at all stages of life, but is most often identified in young children. 1
How Is ADHD Diagnosed?
Your physician must observe, evaluate and rely on several methods of assessment before making a diagnosis.2
Some physical and mental health conditions as well as stress and illnesses can cause symptoms similar to those in ADHD. A thorough evaluation by a health care professional is therefore recommended.2
How Is ADHD Treated?
The best form of treatment involves a combination of several important elements.2,3 These treatments are designed to work together to provide a unified approach for those diagnosed with ADHD and involve Behavior Management, Education about Diagnosis and Treatment, Educational Programs and Support, and Medication.
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride (HCl) Chewable Tablets improve symptoms of ADHD, providing you with some relief from easy distractions, short attention spans, hyperactivity and/or impulsivity. For important safety information, including a Black Box Warning, see the Medication Guide.
Are there Different Types of ADHD?
There are several types of ADHD.4
You may have difficulty staying focused or concentrating. You may also have a hard time organizing tasks and finishing work on time.
You may often fidget with hands or feet or squirm in your seat. You may often have difficulty engaging in leisure activities quietly. You may be extremely talkative and interrupt other conversations.
You exhibit symptoms from both types of ADHD.
What Can I Do about ADHD?
An ADHD diagnosis can be stressful. Proper treatment of ADHD through medication and behavior therapy can help. Having a better understanding of ADHD is also helpful. There are a number of reputable ADHD-related online communities that offer useful information, especially ADDA (Attention Deficit Disorder Association) or CHADD (Children and Adults with ADHD). While there is currently no cure for ADHD, there are measures you can take to help make symptoms more manageable.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Facts about ADHD." Accessed 2/17/17. www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html.
National Institute of Mental Health. "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder." Accessed 2/17/17. www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder- adhd/index.shtml
"European consensus statement on diagnosis and treatment of adult ADHD: The European Network Adult ADHD" Kooij S., Bejerot S., Blackwell A., Caci H., et al. BMC Psychiatry (2010), vol 10, no. 67.
"ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents." Pediatrics (2015), vol. 128 (Supplement).
Important Safety Information
Who should not take Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets?
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets should not be taken if you or your child:
- are very anxious, tense, or agitated
- have an eye problem called glaucoma
- have tics or Tourette's syndrome, or a family history of Tourette's syndrome. Tics are hard to control repeated movements or sounds.
- are taking or have taken within the past 14 days an antidepression medicine called a monoamine oxidase inhibitory or MAOI.
- are allergic to anything in Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets. See the Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients.
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets should not be used in children less than 6 years old.
What is the most important information I should know about Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets?
The following have been reported with use of methylphenidate HCl and other stimulant medicines:
1. Heart-related problems
- sudden death in patients who have heart problems or heart defects
- stroke and heart attack in adults
- increased blood pressure and heart rate
Tell your doctor if you or your child have any heart problems, heart defects, high blood pressure, or a family history of these problems. Your doctor should check you or your child carefully for heart problems before starting Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets, and should check you or your child's blood pressure and heart rate regularly during treatment. Call your doctor right away if you or your child has any signs of heart problems such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting while taking Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets.
2. Mental (Psychiatric) problems
In All Patients:
- new or worse behavior and thought problems
- new or worse bipolar illness
- new or worse aggressive behavior or hostility In Children and Teenagers:
- new psychotic symptoms (such as hearing voices, believing things that are not true or are suspicious) or new manic symptoms.
Tell your doctor about any mental problems you or your child have, or about a family history of suicide, bipolar illness, or depression. Call your doctor right away if you or your child have any new or worsening mental symptoms or problems while taking Methylphenidate Chewable Tablets, especially psychotic symptoms.
3. Circulation problems in fingers and toes
- Fingers or toes may feel numb, cool, painful, and/or may change color from pale, to blue, to red.
- Tell your doctor if you have or your child has numbness, pain, skin color change, or sensitivity to temperature in your fingers or toes.
- Call your doctor right away if you have or your child has any signs of unexplained wounds appearing on fingers or toes while taking Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets
What are the side effects of Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets?
Serious side effects include:
- slowing of growth (height and weight) in children
- seizures, mainly in patients with a history of seizures
- eyesight changes or blurred vision
- painful and prolonged erections (priapism) have occurred with methylphenidate. If you or your child develop priapism, seek medical help right away. Because of the potential for lasting damage, priapism should be evaluated by a doctor immediately.
Common side effects include:
- trouble sleeping
- stomach ache
- fast heartbeat
- decreased appetite
- weight loss
What Are Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets?
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets are a central nervous system stimulant prescription medicine. They are used for the treatment of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults and children over six years of age. They are also used in the treatment of a sleep disorder called narcolepsy. Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Chewable Tablets should be used as part of a total treatment program for ADHD that may include counseling or other therapies.
Please note this information is not complete and does not take the place of talking to your or your child's doctor. For additional safety information please see the Medication Guide and the full Prescribing Information.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088, or contact Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-399-2561.